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FS, BS & Isolates: The “Spectrum” of CBD Oil

You’ll usually find CBD oils labelled “full spectrum”, “broad spectrum” or “CBD isolates”. 

It may sound complicated, but, we promise, it’s not.

You see, the hemp plant also contains a bunch of other beneficial compounds besides CBD – and these labels simply indicate to which degree CBD oils carry each of these compounds.

Let’s dive right into the compounds and their different uses, so you can make sure to determine which CBD oil is best suited for your needs.

What’s (Actually) Inside Hemp?

To understand the differences between full spectrum, broad spectrum and isolates, we first need to understand the “spectrum” of what the hemp plant has to offer.

CBD, although the best known, is just one of over 100 cannabinoids with therapeutic potential that can be found in the hemp plant. Then, you’ll find terpenes, as well as flavonoids – each with their set of therapeutic benefits.

And, in some cases, THC, the cannabinoid that can be psychoactive in high amounts, is sometimes preferred to be left out completely.

“Full spectrum”, “broad spectrum” and “isolates” are simply different ways of describing to which degree CBD oils do, or do not, contain these compounds. 

So, which one is which?

  1. Full Spectrum CBD Oil:
  • Contains the “full” range of naturally occurring compounds in the hemp plant: multiple cannabinoids, including CBD & THC (in trace amounts), terpenes and flavonoids.
  • Something unique about full spectrum CBD oil is that having the “full” range of compounds present offers the additional therapeutic benefit of an “entourage effect”; a fascinating scientific concept where hemp compounds have been shown to work together synergistically, with each compound enhancing the activity of another (you can read much more about the fascinating entourage effect in our dedicated blog article here).
  • Full spectrum CBD oil is suitable for those comfortable with trace amounts of THC and seeking the potential benefits of the whole hemp plant.
  1. Broad Spectrum CBD Oil:
  • Broad spectrum contains the full range of beneficial compounds, like full spectrum CBD oil, but with THC completely removed.
  • Retains multiple cannabinoids, terpenes and other beneficial compounds.
  • Ideal for those who want to avoid THC entirely.
  1. CBD Isolates:
  • CBD Isolates are the purest form, containing only CBD – no other cannabinoids, terpenes or flavonoids.
  • Lacks the potential entourage effect but still offers the potential benefits of CBD.
  • Suitable for individuals who prefer CBD in its isolated form or have sensitivities to other compounds.

Choosing the Right CBD Oil for You

Now that you have a better idea of what each one means, we advise you to consider the type of CBD oil that best fits your preferences, desired effects and any specific concerns or restrictions.

Once you’ve figured out which CBD oil is the one for you, we’d also strongly encourage you to learn about the multitude of factors that make up a quality CBD oil – because what good is “full spectrum” or “broad spectrum” if the compounds themselves are subpar? Amongst other factors, this can be about the extraction method that’s utilised (read about our patented one-step solution, “LPLT”, here), the very hemp itself being used or whether a company has third-party certificates of analysis (see our regularly updated certificates here).

We hope you enjoy your CBD oil experience!

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What LAYV® users say

Catriona DumontCatriona Dumont
07:46 13 Jul 24
After a period of a lot of worrying, anxiety and especially panic attacks, the CBD 20% drops from LAYV really help me find some peace. 🙏🏻
Leonie BijlLeonie Bijl
07:11 13 Jun 24
Nice CBD oil, I take the 20% one for pain complaints and for a good night's sleep!
Jesse BlankendaalJesse Blankendaal
14:27 10 Jun 24
100% recommended if you are looking for A-quality CBD oil!
Carlos RosalCarlos Rosal
04:35 24 May 24
Since using this I notice that I have a better night's sleep, thank you!
ghm lammersghm lammers
20:13 12 May 24
Trustworthy !
Caspar de KlerCaspar de Kler
13:18 17 Apr 24
Top quality, good customer service
14:01 13 Mar 24
I bought the CBD oil on the recommendation of a friend who was very satisfied with it. I think it's a nice oil! I don't notice much of the effects, but I do sleep a little better since I started using it so I'm satisfied :)
Diewertje van BavelDiewertje van Bavel
20:41 07 Feb 24
Great product. It helps me with my pain and stress complaints. It also makes me sleep a lot better. I can really recommend this product!
Lilian DibbetsLilian Dibbets
16:28 15 Jan 24
This really is a fantastic product. I was always a good sleeper, but with this CBD oil (20%) I sleep much deeper and wake up rested. In addition, it helps to calm my nervous system and I am much calmer and focused throughout the day. I recommend this product to everyone for a calm nervous system and good health. Think of it as a nutritional supplement that should not be missing in this hectic Western world we live in.
Richard LemmensRichard Lemmens
10:44 18 Dec 23
What a fantastic product. For several months now we have been using the LAYV CBD variant 20% daily before going to sleep as a routine. As young parents, sleep is sacred to us, but with children this is sometimes lacking. By using the 20% variant, we both notice that we sleep much deeper, making us more rested in the morning.We also use the drug when we experience a stressful situation. By using a few drops, we quickly notice that we become calmer and can continue with our busy daily work lives.Previously used products from other brands, but these do not provide a pleasant mouthfeel and the taste is not as mild as the LAYV variant.
Fabiana FiniFabiana Fini
17:41 04 Dec 23
Liesbeth MekkeringLiesbeth Mekkering
10:14 14 Nov 23
I slept wonderfully thanks to LAYV, I couldn't live without it
Tahsin BulbulTahsin Bulbul
07:22 30 Oct 23
Juan Calixto morelloJuan Calixto morello
13:13 29 Oct 23
I recently no longer suffer from sleepless nights thanks to layv!
Nikos VasilatosNikos Vasilatos
17:19 25 Jun 23
Happy with the product, the responsiveness of the Layv team and the smooth delivery. Recommended!
Michal SokolowskiMichal Sokolowski
21:05 15 Jun 23
Excellent oils, quick contact if you have any questions, fast shipping abroad, I recommend! Greetings from Poland!
Charles PierrepontCharles Pierrepont
17:31 05 Apr 23
The LAYV CBD extract tastes and feels very clean. Dealing with the team at LAYV has been a pleasure. For someone who travels a lot, the clean CBD extract absolutely helps to unwind at the end of a long day.
Clare La Feber-ToolisClare La Feber-Toolis
06:24 30 Mar 23
I used the 5% LAYV CBD to manage pain from the symptoms of arthritis and it really helps. It has completely reduced the need for strong painkillers which is great. I also take a couple of drops of CBD if I feel stressed or overwhelmed and it calms me down. Highly recommend this CBD oil.
Runa WynekenRuna Wyneken
11:58 28 Sep 22
Love this product and the brand! Totally recommend it! Cleanest CBD out there!
Sven HurksSven Hurks
10:33 15 Jun 22
I have been using LAYV CBD for over one year, improving my sleep quality significantly.
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We (my wife and I) love this product. We use it to relax and unwind in the evening for a better night's sleep. We both noticed that our stress levels dropped significantly.....
Ferdinand van der Neut
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LAYV's CBD oil provides more structure to my thinking throughout the day. In the process, it greatly improves the quality of my sleep with just a few drops a day. Can't say anything but highly recommended!
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I really love this product! It helps me with anxiety, confidence, relaxation and pain relief. My advice would be to take a few drops every day so that it can be absorbed into the bloodstream and you can enjoy the long-term benefits. 1000% recommended!
Kas van Vliet
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Calming without the risk of paranoia. I used to reach for cannabis on very sporadic frequencies to unload from a busy existence as an entrepreneur and journalist, but smoking weed or hash was always a gamble for me: 50/50 chance of a slightly paranoid experience that exacerbated stress rather than reduced it. For me, this is a good substitute that allows me to relax physically and mentally, but sin negative high. But don't think of it as a panacea; you have to create a peaceful environment for it to really come into its own.
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I bought a bottle at Jumbo today, because I am always very cramped and tense, and suffer a lot from headaches and stress..... i must say i am pleasantly surprised, that t is sold by jumbo, and that t works! Definitely worth a try! Am curious if there will be more products from you.
H. Paulus de Groot
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Have been using this for months for chronic pain in my shoulder, and it just works!
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The product has a good taste despite its high concentration (500 mg). It helps me with stress, sleep and pain.
Willem Spoor
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Helps excellent against osteoarthritis pain
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Good product and good minty taste
J.A. Worskasan
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Layv Cbd oil makes me calmer, it helps me with livedo reticularis on my legs, after using it my legs become normal again. I used CBD from other brands and Layv Cbd oil is definitely the highest quality product.